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Category: Hourly Billing

Compare & Prove Hourly Rates with NALFA Survey

July 20, 2021

Every year, NALFA conducts an hourly rate survey of civil litigation in the U.S.  NALFA has released the results from its 2020 Litigation Hourly Rate Survey.  The survey results, published in The 2020 Litigation Hourly Rate Survey & Report, shows hourly rate data on the very factors that correlate to hourly rates in litigation:

  • Geography / Location / Jurisdiction
  • Years of Litigation Experience / Seniority
  • Practice Area / Complexity of Case
  • Law Firm / Law Office Size

This empirical survey and report provides macro and micro data of current hourly rate ranges for both defense and plaintiffs’ litigators, at various litigation experience levels, from large law firms to solo shops, in routine and complex litigation, and in the nation’s largest legal markets and beyond.  This is the nation’s largest and most comprehensive survey or study on hourly rates.  This data-intensive survey contains hundreds of data sets covering all the relevant hourly rate variables.  The survey was designed to aid litigators in comparing rates within a litigation peer group and proving rates in court and ADR.

The 2020 Litigation Hourly Rate Survey & Report is divided into two parts, a free public portion and a private portion.  The public portion contains only the survey totals.  The data-rich private portion has the complete survey results including the raw data responses with percentages.  The private portion is free to members of our network (i.e. members, faculty, and fellows) and the 2020 litigation survey respondents.  The private portion is available for purchase to others.     

This 2020 Litigation Hourly Rate Survey & Report is now available for purchase.  For more information on this, email NALFA Executive Director, Terry Jesse at terry@thenalfa.org or call us at (312) 907-7275.

Fee Requests in Boy Scouts Bankruptcy Exceed $100M

May 12, 2021

A recent ABA Journal story by Debra Cassens Weiss, “Fee Applications in Boy Scouts Bankruptcy Exceed $100M; Judge Calls Total ‘Staggering’” reports that the court overseeing the Boy Scouts of America bankruptcy case has appointed an examiner to review fees that have become a point of contention.  Professional and attorney fee applications filed with the court exceed $100 million, and the total could reach $150 million by August, according to the New York Times.

The total includes fees sought by professionals working on behalf of the Boy Scouts of America and sexual abuse victims but does not include fees that will be paid to victims’ lawyers on a contingency basis.  The fee applications also include legal work that would be done for the Boy Scouts of America even if the group had not filed for bankruptcy, including trademark litigation with the Girl Scouts, fee examiner Justin Rucki told the New York Times.

U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Laurie Selber Silverstein of Delaware called the $100 million total “a staggering number” during a virtual March 17 hearing in which she urged the parties to reach a resolution.  “Every dollar to professional fees is a dollar that comes out of some creditor’s pocket,” Silverstein said.

One lawyer billed $267,435 in just one month, according to the New York Times. Another billed at $1,725 per hour.  Associates with little experience are billing more than $600 per hour.  Fourteen lawyers at White & Case, which represents the Boy Scouts of America, are billing at more than $1,000 per hour.  Lawyer fees of more than $1,000 per hour are almost routine in complicated bankruptcy cases, according to Lynn LoPucki, a professor at the University of California at Los Angeles School of Law, who spoke with the New York Times.  White & Case has said the billing rate is reasonable given the complexity of the case.

One of the insurance companies involved in the litigation, the Century Indemnity Co., has proposed that Silverstein hold back 20% of legal fees pending a review.  Tancred Schiavoni, a Century Indemnity Co. lawyer, criticized high billing rates, as well as the number of highly paid people working on the case.  Paul Mones, a lawyer representing about 400 clients, said that the fees and number of professionals working on the case are proportional to the case complexity.  Insurers are just looking for ways to limit their exposure, Mones told the New York Times.

NALFA: Hourly Rates Above National Averages in Large Chapter 11 Cases

May 6, 2021

A recent The American Lawyer story by Dan Roe, “Kirkland and Weil’s Fees in Chapter 11 Work Highlight Big Law Allure to Bankruptcy,” reports that even as the number of commercial Chapter 11 bankruptcies has dropped in recent months, large bankruptcies have continued to churn out big fee packages for some law firms—one reason why firms are continuing to invest and hire in their bankruptcy practices.  For instance, a glance at law firm fees in two cases—the Chapter 11 bankruptcy of Sears, filed October 2018, and the May 2020 J.C. Penney bankruptcy—reveal the cases have totaled more than $150 million for law firms since they beganMost of the money has gone to Am Law 200 firms, with some partners billing for more than $1,500 per hour.

Representing Sears Holdings Corp., Weil, Gotshal & Manges emerged as the biggest fee-earner in the Southern District of New York bankruptcy case, with more than $80 million in fees and expenses paid through the end of February 2021. Its partners billed between $1,695 and $1,200 per hour, while associates charged $1,100 to $595.  Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld also made out big on the Sears bankruptcy.  Representing the bankruptcy’s unsecured creditors, the law firm received $48 million in total compensation through the end of February 2021 with a blended rate of $853 per hour.

Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, representing Sears, received almost $20 million, although most of it was completed before last year.  Its attorneys averaged $790 per hour, with partners topping out at $1,650.  And Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz did $873,000 worth of work representing Sears, with a blended rate of $1,287 and partners billing up to $1,500.  Meanwhile, the J.C. Penney bankruptcy has generated more than $28 million in fee revenue for law firmsRepresenting J.C. Penney, Kirkland & Ellis took most of the spoils with two massive fee applications totaling $20.9 million, with a blended attorney rate of approximately $1,000.

Cooley and Cole Schotz represented the creditor committee, with the former firm taking home $4.2 million in fee revenue with a blended rate of $970 average billing rate.  Cole Schotz earned $2.1 million for work it performed in the second half of the year, maintaining a $643 average hourly rate per attorney.  Katten Muchin Rosenman put in 1,318 professional hours to earn $1.1 million in fee revenue while representing J.C. Penney, averaging $960 per attorney per hour, while Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, representing the store’s subsidiaries, cleared $827,000 for its work in the second half of 2020, averaging just over $1,000 for its hourly rate.

The J.C. Penney restructuring also benefitted smaller-sized firms such as the New York law firm Herrick Feinstein, whose attorneys billed around $500 per hour for $1.5 million in fees.  The opportunity for large fee awards in Chapter 11 work continues to drive a flurry of bankruptcy partner hires.  In the last week, Willkie Farr & Gallagher added a three-partner bankruptcy group from Morrison & Foerster who represent creditor committees in high-profile cases and Sidley Austin hired Tom Califano, previously global co-chair and U.S. chair of DLA Piper’s restructuring group.  Last month, Kirkland brought on Christine Okike from Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom.

"Our analysis, from our most recent litigation hourly rate survey, shows that all these Chapter 11 bankruptcy rates are well above the approximate national averages," said Terry Jesse, Executive Director of NALFA.  "In fact, hourly rates in large Chapter 11 bankruptcies, may be one of the highest rate-charging practice areas, " Jesse wondered.

For more on NALFA's national averages, visit NALFA Releases 2020 Average Hourly Rates in Litigation.

Former AG’s Hourly Rate: $2,295

April 16, 2021

A recent Law.com story by Mike Scarcella, “Covington’s Eric Holder Bills at $2.295 Hourly, New Legal Services Contract Shows,” reports that Covington & Burling partner Eric Holder Jr., the Obama administration’s first U.S. attorney general and a veteran Washington lawyer, is billing at $2,295 hourly, according to a contract the law firm signed with a public university to conduct an internal investigation about workplace culture.  Holder is Covington’s lead partner on the legal services engagement with Oregon Health & Science University.  The school announced its retention of Covington in late March to lead a “comprehensive, independent investigation of institutional harassment, discrimination, retaliation and racism.”

Covington and other firms have long been hired to conduct internal investigations at companies and other institutions, but in many instances the engagement letters, revealing rates and the scope of legal services, are not matters of public record.  ALM obtained Covington’s contract through a public records request.  Holder’s $2,295 billing rate puts him at the high end of hourly figures.  Billing at other elite firms such as Weil, Gotshal Manges and Kirkland & Ellis have recently approached $2,000.

“Mr. Holder and Covington have conducted examinations of workplace culture and issues related to equity, diversity and inclusion for corporations including Uber, Starbucks and Airbnb,” the university said in announcing the retention of the Washington-based law firm.  The announcement noted that “Holder and the Covington team are also currently assessing race, equity, inclusion and diversity policies and practices at Seattle Children’s Hospital.”

Holder is working with Covington partner Nancy Kestenbaum, co-chair of the firm’s white-collar defense and investigations practice group and a former member of the firm’s management committee. Kestenbaum is billing at $1,445 an hour, the law firm’s engagement letter said.  Covington said it agreed to discount its rates by 10%.

“Hourly rates for other lawyers range from $595 for junior associates to $2,295 for senior partners; and for legal assistants from $290 to $545,” the firm said in its engagement letter.  The firm said it reviews and adjusts rates yearly as of Jan. 1, “although there are circumstances in which we may adjust rates at other times.”  Part of the contract contained information that the university would not release.  The information pertained to clients Covington is advising on clinical trials being conducted at the university.

“As you recognize, we are a large law firm with multiple practices in multiple offices throughout the world, and we represent many different clients in many different industries, including clients who are competitors of each other and sometimes adversaries in legal matters,” Holder wrote.  “In taking on this representation, we commit that we will not represent any other client in any matter adverse to you that is substantially related to this matter.”

A private law firm charging a public client is not rare.  Public records show major U.S. law firms have charged local or state government clients to take a case to the U.S. Supreme Court.  Not every engagement, however, is charged. Some work is done pro bono.

Nelson Mullins Discloses Hourly Rates in Patent Fee Request

March 1, 2021

A recent Law.com story by Mike Scarcella, “Denied a Seal, Nelson Mullins Reveals Rates in Fee Petition in Patent Suit,” reports that, for at least the second time in the span of a year a federal trial judge refused to let a major U.S. law firm keep hourly rates and other billing-related information secret as part of an effort in court to squeeze legal fees from an opponent.

Denied its bid for secrecy, one of the firms, Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough, last week resubmitted its attorney fee petition fully unredacted in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Carolina.  The other firm, King & Spalding, abandoned an effort last year in Washington’s federal trial court after a judge said he would unseal supporting records showing hourly rates if the firm wanted to press its fee request.

Nelson Mullins sought $292,340 from a private plaintiff who filed patent claims against the motorsports company Simpson Performance Products and an engineer there.  The law firm won a key ruling in early February, but the court, just one day after the fee petition was filed, denied the request.  King & Spalding had sought $665,000 from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services after successfully obtaining records in a federal Freedom of Information Act lawsuit.

Specific hourly billing rates and other internal records about fees generally are not things that law firms and lawyers are eager to discuss out in the open.  Indeed, both Nelson Mullins and King & Spalding had argued hourly rates and other billing documents were sensitive business records that should be kept confidential.  Still, information about billing often becomes public as a matter of routine in any number of settings, including in bankruptcy filings, certain types of litigation and in some law firm contracts with government clients.

A bankruptcy case in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas recently showed hourly rates for Kirkland & Ellis partners to be between $1,085 and $1,895, and associates’ hourly rates between $625 and $1,195.  In California, a federal judge last month ordered legal fees to be paid to a team from Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher that successfully represented Rachel Maddow as a defendant in a defamation case.  Gibson Dunn partner Theodore Boutrous Jr., prominent for his First Amendment advocacy, was shown as billing $1,525 hourly last year.

Nelson Mullins “asks the court to seal the amount of attorneys’ fees being requested—the very substance of the relief that it is seeking from the court—along with how it calculated the fees (counsel’s hourly rates and the time expended during their representation),” U.S. District Judge Kenneth Bell wrote in a Feb. 24 order.  “Thus, the effect of a request to seal this information is tantamount to a request to issue a secret order, as the court could not even grant much less fully discuss the merits of [the legal fee] request without disclosing the amount of fees requested along with counsel’s hourly fees, etc.”

In the King & Spalding matter, U.S. District Judge Amit Mehta said “the records that plaintiff asks to keep under seal go to the very heart of what is before the court: questions concerning the reasonableness of plaintiff’s counsel’s hourly rates and the reasonableness of the time they expended on this matter.”

Both judges declined the invitation to seal the law firms’ hourly rates and other records.  In the case involving King & Spalding, the firm dropped its move to get fees after Mehta said he would unseal rate information if the firm moved forward.  Those details remained sealed.  “Once a matter is brought before a court for resolution, it is no longer solely the parties’ case, but also the public’s case,” wrote Bell, a former McGuireWoods partner who’d spent more than 10 years in the firm’s Charlotte office before joining the bench in 2019.

Bell said that “except in very limited circumstances, the court’s business must be conducted openly, with public access guaranteed to instill confidence in the fairness of the proceedings and inform the public about the law.” He added: “[B]y choosing to seek attorneys’ fees in an open court, Simpson must necessarily disclose the amount of the award it seeks and the underlying basis for its fees.”  To “avoid any surprise,” Bell said he would allow Nelson Mullins to withdraw its motion for legal fees or refile it in an unredacted form.  That firm submitted 85 pages of arguments, declarations and billing records to back its request for fees.

“The rates charged by defendants’ counsel were well within, if not below, the range typically charged for complex litigation in North Carolina,” wrote Charlotte-based Nelson Mullins partner Craig Killen, who said he billed at $425 hourly for the case.  Another partner, Robert McWilliams, billed at $405 on the case.  Three associates billed at hourly rates between $320 and $345, according to the law firm’s motion for fees.

In arguing for fees, the Nelson Mullins team trumpeted the “unusual questions” raised during the patent litigation.  “This case was pending over two years and proceeded through the extended period of discovery,” Killen wrote in a court filing.  Nelson Mullins said its request for fees “is made with some reluctance because Simpson has no interest in ‘punishing’ an individual plaintiff.”  But, the law firm said in its court filing, “much of the expense incurred by the defense could have been avoided if plaintiff had not pressed unreasonable and objectively baseless positions.”

On the day after refusing to allow Nelson Mullins to file its billing records under seal, Bell, the trial judge, rejected the firm’s request.  “In the exercise of its discretion, the court does not find this case to be exceptional,” Bell wrote in an order last week.  “While the court determined that defendants were fully entitled to summary judgment (and to be clear does not intend by this decision to indicate that it has any uncertainty over that conclusion), defendants have not shown that plaintiff pursued her claims frivolously, for an improper purpose or in bad faith.”

Polsinelli Sued Over Billing Issues

January 22, 2021

A recent Law 360 story by Craig Clough, “Polsinelli Says Clients’ ‘Slacking Off’ Claims are “Meritless”,” reports that Polsinelli PC urged a Pennsylvania federal judge to toss a lawsuit...

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